The Turkish hamam (also Turkish bath or hamam) is the Middle Eastern variant of a steam bath. Hamam had played an important role in cultures of the Middle-East, serving as places of social gathering, ritual cleansing and as architectural structures, institutions, and (later) elements with special customs attached to them. Europeans learned about the Hamam via contacts with Turkey hence the European name for it: "Turkish" hamam.
The tradition of the Turkish bath extends far back, to a time before Turks had reached Anatolia. When the Turks arrived in Anatolia, they brought with them one bathing tradition, and were confronted with another, that of Romans and Byzantines, with certain local variants. The traditions merged, and with the addition of the Muslim concern for cleanliness and its concomitant respect for the uses of water, there arose an entirely new concept, that of the Turkish Bath. In time it became an institution, with its system of ineradicable customs.
The hamams in the Ottoman culture started out as structural elements serving as annexes to mosques, however quickly evolved into institutions and eventually with the works of the Ottoman architect Sinan, into monumental structural complexes.
In Western Europe, the Turkish bath as a method of cleansing the body and relaxation was particularly popular during the Victorian era. In Europe, Hamam is very popular in recent times. German’s are familiar to Hamam, now there are about 60 Hamams around in German.
In Turkey, Hamams to be considered important again by Tourism and Spa sector in nowadays. Hamam is more than a Spa in Turkey. You can find any treatmenst what you imagine in a spa center. Hamam has detoxification or purification programs, massage treatments and body care programs. More than a bath and more than a Spa word.
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